Chapter 3: bafflement, the mind (and homeopathy): footnotes (cont'd)
"mirror neurons" were discovered in the 1980s/90s by Italian neurophysiologists
recording single cells in monkey "premotor cortex", neurons specialized
for control of hand and mouth actions. Serendipitously, they found cells that
fired not only when the monkey picked up a piece of food, but also when the experimenters
picked up that piece of food! Cells that respond to an action, seen or done.
*. in the mid twentieth century.
**. at Sussex University, so we were living in Brighton
***. chick of the domestic fowl
the chick's vocal repertoire (I found) could be modeled as a primarily two dimensional
field, the two variables being approach avoidance (footnote within footnote: desire/aversion
: like/dislike : pleasure/pain) and intensity/forcefulness of the breath. (There
is also a single step expression in a third dimension/parameter, speed of arousal
- that is, with startle, they trill) (see http://www.normanallan.com/Sci/motorint.htm)
18.originally the work of St. Laudis, a scientist working in Beneviniste's lab.
19. this is the only image I could find on google.
20. to begin with, looking at the electrical behaviour of acupuncture points and then of healing wounds.
21. Davenas et al: Human basophil degranulation triggered by very dilute antiserum against IgE: Nature, vol 333, p.816-818, 30th June 1988.
22. "the truth": its as like as not that we are little bubbles of the divine, and that I and I am He.
23. wikisays: In 1887, mathematicians Ernst Bruns and Henri Poincaré showed that there is no general analytical solution for the three-body problem given by algebraic expressions and integrals. The motion of three bodies is generally non-repeating, except in special cases.
24. wikisays: the output of a nonlinear system is not directly proportional to the input
26. wiki gives another beautiful example: snowflakes!
27. Langton devised this "puzzle" in 1986.
28. wikisays: category error, is a semantic or ontological error in which things belonging to a particular category are presented as if they belong to a different category, or, alternatively, a property is ascribed to a thing that could not possibly have that property. ... minds are not the sort of things that can be said to be diseased or ill because they belong to the wrong category and that "illness" is a term that can only be ascribed to things like the body; saying that the mind is ill is a misuse of words. Another example is the metaphor "time crawled", which if taken literally is not just false but a category mistake.
29. These are mostly Ken Wilber's words from "Eye to Eye", but I have edited them freely in an attempt to understand them.